The dangerous dog types are:
These dogs are dangerous because they were originally bred for their ability to fight. Some common Pit Bull type names are: Pit Bull Terrier, American Pit Bull Type, American Staffordshire, Irish Staff, Irish Blue Staffordshire.
These dangerous dogs are prohibited under the Dangerous Dogs Act (1991).
No, the law also gives protection to the public from any type of dog, which is dangerously out of control in a public place, or in a private place where it has no right to be.
If there is a dog of any type that is dangerously out of control in a public place, the Police have the responsibility to respond and take action where appropriate. Complaints regarding dangerous breeds are also the responsibility of the Police. However, the control of stray dogs is the responsibility of the council.
In addition to dangerous dogs, the Police also have the responsibility for:
If you have concerns regarding the general behaviour or temperament of dog and feel that it may pose a potential threat to the public or other animals, you can report it to the council online and in confidence.
Please give as much detail as possible including any history of incidents involving the dog and the dates and times they happened.
If a dog is dangerously out of control at the present time and presenting an immediate risk you should report it to the Police at once.
If an owner has a dog that they believe to be a prohibited type under the Dangerous Dog Act, such as a pit bull, they should contact their local Police who can assess the dog and provide advice.
If you suspect that someone owns an illegal dog you should contact Lancashire Constabulary. Alternatively, if you want to remain anonymous, please contact Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111. Crimestoppers is a charity independent to the Police. You won’t be asked your name or personal details.
The Police have access to resources that can identify illegal dogs.
The court will decide if the dog is to be destroyed or to put strict restrictions on the owner and place the dog on an exempted list. This list is called the ‘Index of Exempted Dogs’, which is managed by the Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).
Any dog on the index list must be neutered, tattooed and micro-chipped. It must be kept on a lead and muzzled when in a public place. The owner must maintain insurance against the dog injuring anybody and the dog cannot be left in possession or control of anybody under the age of 16.
If an owner has a banned dog they are breaking the law and liable to prosecution. The court will decide what sentence to impose and whether the dog should be put on the exempted list or destroyed. The maximum penalty for illegal possession of a prohibited dog is a fine of £5,000 and/or 6 months imprisonment.
More information on dangerous and aggressive dogs can be found on the gov.uk (external link) website.